History of the three Tongu Enclaves; North, Central and South Tongu Districts

The people of Tongu crossing the Volta lake at Sogakope
The people of Tongu crossing the Volta lake at Sogakope

It is believed that, the people of present day of Tongu belong to the Dawlotu family of the Ewe people who migrated from Notsie in the Republic of Togo. Coverghana.com.gh has gathered.

LANGUAGE 

The people of Tongu are mainly Ewe speaking people organized under traditional authorities.

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RELIGIOUS GROUPINGS

The main religious groupings that exist in Tongu are the Christians, Moslems and Traditional believers.

LOCATION OF TONGU

Tongu is located at the Southern part of the Volta Region, along the Volta River. Tongu Districts share boundaries with Akatsi South, Adaklu District, Ada East, Keta Municipality, Asuogyaman and Lower Manya, Shai Osudoku, Ningo Prampram, Ho municipal, Ada West.

INHERITANCE

The main source of inheritance in the Tongu land is patrilineal.

FORMATION OF THE THREE TONGU DISTRICTS

Formerly, the current three Tongu Districts were called Tongu District, which District capital was located at Sogakofe (South Tongu). North Tongu (old) was created out of Tongu District. The old North Tongu District now Central Tongu was created in 2012.

Later, the North Tongu which includes Battor, Mepe Juapong, Volo and Dorfor Area Council etc. was separated from Adidome, Mafi-Kumase and its environs and named North Tongu (new). The remaining portion, Adidome, Dove, Mafi – Kumase, Bakpa and its environs are now Central Tongu.

The former District name (North Tongu) for Adidome, Battor, Mafi-Kumase, Dove, Juapong, Bakpa, Mepe, Volo, Dorfor and its surroundings inclusive is now given to the new District North Tongu.

Currently Tongu enclaves have South Tongu (Sogakofe as the District capital), Central Tongu (Adidome as the District capital) and North Tongu (Battor as the District capital).

SOUTH TONGU DISTRICT

The South Tongu District Assembly was established by a Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 1466 of 1989. Its administrative Capital is at Sogakofe. The South Tongu District lies between latitudes 6°10’ and 5°45’ North and longitudes 30°30’ and 0°45’ East.

It is located in the Southern part of the Lower Volta Basin and bounded to the North by the Central and North Tongu Districts. It is to the East by the Akatsi South District, to the West by the Ada East District of the Greater Accra Region and to the South by the Keta Municipality.

The District occupies a total land area of 643.57 square kilometres representing 3.1 percent of the land size of the Volta Region. The District is located within the coastal savannah vegetation zone.

According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census (PHC), the total population of the District is 87,950 representing 4.1 percent of the total population of the Volta Region.

The traditional areas have their own unique festivals. The communities in the District fall under five traditional areas namely Agave, Fievie, Tefle, Sokpoe and Vume.
Agave is considered the largest traditional area among them. Each of the traditional area is autonomous with its own paramount chief and queen mother.

The people of Agave celebrate an annual Dzawuwuza festival. The people of Sokpoe celebrate a biennial event called Tortsogbeza. Kporleza is usually celebrated by the people of Fievie while Afenorto is celebrated by the people of Tefle.

NORTH TONGU DISTRICT

The North Tongu District Assembly was established by a Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 2081. It was carved out of the then North Tongu District (old) which is now Central Tongu with its capital at Adidome.

The newly created North Tongu District (new) has Battor as its capital. It is located
along the Volta River and has majority of its communities interspersed along the River. The District has a total land size of about 1,131.64sqkm representing 6 percent of total land area of the Volta region. The District lays within latitudes 5047’N to 60N and longitude 005’ E to 0045’E and shares boundaries with Central Tongu to the East, Asuogyaman and Lower Manya to the West, to the South is Shai Osudoku and Ningo Prampram and
Ho municipal to the North.

The District lies within the tropical savannah grassland zone. The vegetation is dense along the Volta River and along the stream basins. The District currently has four (4) sub-district structures namely Battor, Mepe, Dorfor Area Council and Juapong Town Council.

The District is organized into six (6) traditional areas and the traditional authorities play a major role in fostering the development of the area by supporting the District Assembly in the areas of revenue mobilization and the mobilization of human resources during communal labour.

There are various festivals celebrated by the various traditional authorities in the area, which serves as a unifying instrument to mobilize resources for development. The people of Battor celebrate a festival called Hogbeza in December, Mepe people celebrate Afenorto festival in August, Dorfor people celebrate Ayimagonu festival in November and Volo people celebrate Tugbedzo festival in September.

According to the Ghana Statistical Service 2010 Population and Housing Census (PHC), the population size of North
Tongu was 89,777. The Projected Population of the District as at 2017 stands 104,622. The District contributes
4.2 percent of the total population of the Volta region and 0.4 percent of the total population of Ghana.

CENTRAL TONGU DISTRICT:

The Central Tongu District Assembly was established out of the former North Tongu District Assembly with Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2077 of 2012. Its administrative Capital is at Adidome. The District lies within latitudes 60N to 6020’N longitude 0025’ E to 0045’E. It shares boundaries with Adaklu District to the North, South Tongu to the South, North Tongu to the West and Akatsi South to
the East; all in the Volta Region. Ada West and Ada East Districts of the Greater Accra Region also share the South-Western boundaries with the District.

It has a total land area of about 682.22 Km2 which is about 3.1% of the total land area of the Volta Region. The District is made up of three traditional areas – Mafi, Bakpa and part of Vume – with their unique chieftaincy institutions. Mafi Traditional Area covers the Mafi Kumasi Area Council,
Mafi Kpedzeglo and greater parts of Adidome Town Council. Bakpa Traditional Area mainly covers Bakpa Area Council and a section of Adidome Town Council. The Vume Traditional Area comprised of communities surrounding Kpogadzi. One major traditional festival in the District is the Mafi Hogbetsotso which is
celebrated annually by the Mafi Traditional Council.

With reference to the Ghana Statistical Service of 2010 Population and Housing Census (PHC), the total population of the District is 59,411.

SOURCE: Coverghana.com.gh

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