Decision making is the process of making choices by identifying a decision, gathering information, and assessing alternative resolutions. Using a step-by-step decision-making process can help you make more deliberate, thoughtful decisions by organizing relevant information and defining alternative.
CASE STUDY: Kwasi had only 10,000 Ghana cedis with him. He wanted to buy a mathematic test book to pass the Maths test. He also needed a new shirt for classes. His friends admired him for his new shirt but he failed his Maths test. Kwesi realized that he had made the wrong decision.
Making a choice happens in all the things we do. It occurs in important situations such as choosing a shirt or a book as in the case of Kwesi.
We also make decisions about small things such as using our pocket money to buy a shoe or saving it for the future or buying a gift for a friend. The choice of saving money, buying a shoe, a book, or a gift for a friend is a problem.
Life consists of making decisions all the time. A decision is a choice. it is making up your mind about what to say or do. Decision-making is a process by which one chooses the best solution to the problem after considering several other solutions. Whether your decisions are simple or complex, you can use the decision-making process to help you reach a goal or solve a problem.
The following step-by-step approach can help you make the best decisions.
STEP ONE (1)
State the problem to be solved or decision to be made. Suppose your problem is that you are failing in science. Your goal could be to improve your Science grade to 70% by the end of the term.
STEP TWO (2)
List all the possible solutions to the problem before you think of ways to reach the goals set for your Science class. You remember your daily activities or habits. Every day, you have football practice after school and get home late to study before dinner. Then you talk to friends on the phone for an hour or so. You finally study while you watch your favorite television programs.
With this in mind, you begin to list your solutions.
1. You can stop playing for the football team and then you will not have practice after school.
2. You can study right after dinner when you usually talk to friends.
3. You can stop watching some of your television programs and study in your room where the atmosphere is favorable and conducive.
4. You can also study late at night after your television programs.
5. You can ask a friend who gets 90% in Science to help you study.
6. You can ask your teacher for ideas on how to improve your study habits and your grades.
STEP THREE (3)
Look for more information about your solutions in STEP 2.
1. Ceasing to play for the football team is a possible solution. It will give you time to study before dinner. But football is important to you.
2. Not talking to friends after dinner is good.
3. Stop watching some of your television programs. It will give you time to study.
4. Asking your friend to help you may turn out to be a good solution. You have to control yourself to study not to talk to your friends.
5. Study late at night when you finished watching television may seem the best option since you can not stop watching some of the programs.
6. Asking your teacher for ideas can also be a good solution. Your teacher may be able to explain some ideas you do not understand and help you improve upon your grades.
STEP FOUR (4)
Choose the solution that best solves the problem. The solution you may choose is to spend less time watching television and talking to friends. You will spend more time studying. You will ask your teacher for more ideas.
STEP FIVE (5)
Evaluate Your Decision. Did the decision help you reach your goal? By the time you take your next test, you will have been studying the new ways for several weeks.
Take a look at your test scores and your homework. Are you scoring higher marks? Do you understand your work better? If so, you should be congratulated on moving towards your goals. If not, you may need to think of some other solutions.