Teaching is an aspect of science that has to do with the impartation of knowledge. The particular approaches employed in teaching has an influence on the output and efficiency of the teacher. It is also important to note that different subjects may require different approaches in ensuring understanding.
Again, the age group being taught will influence the teaching method. The three (3) major teaching methodologies include:
- Teacher-Centered Methodology: This approach gives the teacher or facilitator the sole duty of ensuring the comprehension of the course under study. Learners are required to sit through and ask questions for clarification where necessary. The teacher may employ lecture as his mode of teaching in this approach.
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- Student/ Learner-Centered Methodology. As the name suggests, this methodology allows students to be in charge of their own learning. Here, they (learners) are presented with the learning materials required for the particular topic and are given the opportunity to observe and explore in order to comprehend the given context. Facilitators will still be around to offer help where learners get stuck.
- Project-Based Learning: This is also a method of teaching that has to do with working on a project as a way of comprehending what is being taught. Facilitator present learners with particular projects either in groups or as individuals on the topic under study. Learners will then be guided through by the facilitator on how to resolve the problem/project step by step. The learning process here is in the step by step approach of solving the project work given. At the end of the lesson, learners gain knowledge from resolving the various tasks given.