The Ghana education service (GES) was established in 1974 as a part of the public service of Ghana by the national redemption council under the national redemption council decree (NRCD 247).
GES was later amended by the NRCD 252, NRCD 357 and the supreme military council decree (SMCD 63). In the constitution of the fourth republic, the earlier legislations’ have subsequently been amended by acts of parliament; act 506 (1995) and act 778 (2008).
The Ghana education service (GES) is a government agency under the ministry of education responsible for implementing government policies that ensure that Ghanaians of school-going age irrespective of their ethnicity, gender, disability,
religious and political dispositions receive quality formal education.
The Ghana education Service is governed by a fifteen-member council called the GES
The vision of Ghana Education Service is to seek to create an enabling environment in all educational institutions and management positions that will facilitate effective teaching and learning and efficiency in the management for the attainment of the goals of the service”.
GES mission is to ensure that all Ghanaian children of school-going age are provided with inclusive and equitable quality formal education and training through effective and efficient management of resources to make going age are provided with inclusive and equitable quality formal education and training through effective and efficient
management of resources to make education delivery relevant to the manpower needs of the nation.”
GES is mandated to be responsible for the implementation of approved national pre-tertiary educational policies and programs to ensure that all Ghanaian children of school-going age irrespective of tribe, gender, disability, religious and political affiliations are provided with inclusive and equitable quality formal education.”
The vision and mission statements of GES tell what the service seeks to achieve as far as the education of the Ghanaian child is concerned.
They are more or less targets of the service. It must be noted that the vision of GES is the big dream or the long term goals of the institution whiles the mission is the strategies for attaining the long term goals. Interestingly, the official order by the government for the GES
The objective of GES are in accordance with the national policy objectives espoused in the education strategic plan (ESP). The key objectives of the service are as follows:
a. Increase inclusive and equitable access to and participation in education at all levels.
b. Ensure provision of life skills training and management of personal hygiene, family life, gender, health, HIV/AIDS/STIs, etc.
c. Improve the quality of teaching and learning.
d. Improve the management of education service delivery
Challenges of Ghana Education Service (GES)
Aside all the mission, vision, mandate, aims and objectives of the Ghana Education Service, the Sector is still confronted with key challenges. Below are some few challenges by Sir Ike and Sir Richy.
1. Approximately 82% of the total GES budget is allocated for the payment of salaries crowding out other expenditures.
2. Inadequate furniture, especially at the basic school level.
3. Inadequate supply of sanitation facilities such as gender –friendly toilets/urinals, especially at the basic school level.
4. Inadequate infrastructure in over-subscribed senior high schools.
5. Inadequate logistics for effective monitoring and supervision
6. Inadequate TLMS and core textbooks
7. Lack of teachers to handle key subject areas like mathematics physics and chemistry, etc.
8. Inadequate facilities for in-service education and training.
9. Inadequate language experts and facilities for implementing the language policy.
10. Lack of science equipment in basic schools.
11. Non-release of transfer grant for the staff rationalization policy.
12. Delayed payment of salary arrears due to the ministry of finances policy on payment of three (3) month’s salary arrears and which affects staff motivation.