Summary of the new Educational Reforms in Ghana


The Ghana Education Service (GES) and Ministry of Education (MoE) in collaboration with the National Council for Curriculum Assessment (NaCCA) has outlined new Educational Reforms in Ghana on the period under review. The new Educational Reforms cover all levels of the Ghana’s education system.

The summary of the New Educational Reforms in Ghana as outlined by the Ghana Education Service and Ministry of Education. Below, is the summary of the Educational Reforms.

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1. Kindergarten, primary school, JHS and SHS shall all be described as basic school.  JHS 1, 2, 3 and SHS 1 shall now be referred to as BS 7,8,9 and 10 respectively i. e. SHS 1 shall now be called BS 10.

2. All students in JHS 1 – SHS 1 shall run a Common Core Programme called CCP which comprises of 9 subjects; namely – Mathematics, Languages, Science, RME (stand alone subject), Physical and Health Education (not examinable) , Career Technology, Social Studies, Computing and Creative Art and Design.

3. A new of examination called National Standard Assessment Test (NSAT) shall be conducted at Primary 2, 4, 6 and JHS 2.

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4. Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) shall be replaced by placement exams at JHS 3 to enroll students into SHS1.

5. Students in SHS1 shall continue to run the Common Core Programme for one year thus students into SHS1 shall not select science, business or arts programmes.

6. At the end of SHS1, Students shall write a Common Core Examination into SHS 2.

7. At SHS 2, students will now have to select either a career related programme which include, vocational and technical programmes or a high school Diploma programmes such as science, busines, arts.

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8. This means Elective subjects shall start in SHS 2.

9. WASCCE will be replaced by a university entrance exams at SHS3.

10. Students after successful completion of SHS 3 will be rewarded a Diploma Certificate instead of WASSCE certificate.


1. The education system will be more of research, community engagement, projects with fewer contents.

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2. Computer Literacy in one of the major focus of this programme as all educational stakeholders must be in good position to provide adequate I.T. facilities for students

3. Science at the basic level comprises physical and applied science which involves more of demonstrative features. It is sectioned into the following: Diversity of matter, Cycle, System, Forces and Energy, Human and Environment.

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It is then necessary for all educational heads to recruit more skilled and qualified science persons to run the programme as fewer concepts in the SHS syllabus have been pushed down to prepare students for their electives in SHS 2.



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